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June 23, 2019

Lampworking-Beading Open Access Studio

Historically lampworking comes from people working glass in the flame of an oil lamp.  The glass blowers would blow into the flame(adding air and oxygen to it) to get it hotter and hotter so that it would melt or soften glass for them to manipulate and sculpt it.   We don’t know exactly where and when this art form started since the term lampworking has been loosely defined in history but records that Moreno glass was used in lampworking techniques in the 14th century.  Galileo Galilee was known “artist and inventor” created large apparatus’s to as foot operated bellows to add even more oxygen to the flames to get it hotter.  Maybe this was what he used so that he could manipulate the glass to create some of hissed effect has been achieved at the maximum desired temperature, the kiln temperature will be brought down quickly through the temperature range of 1,099 °F to 1,501 °F to avoid devitrification. The glass is then allowed to cool slowly over a specified time, soaking at specified temperature ranges which are essential to the annealing process. This prevents uneven cooling and breakage and produces a strong finished product. This cooling takes place normally for a period of 10–12 hours in 3 stages. While the precise origins of glass fusing techniques are not known with certainty, there is archaeological evidence that the Egyptians were familiar with techniques ca. 2000 BCE. Although this date is generally accepted by researchers, some historians argue that the earliest fusing techniques were first developed by the Romans, who were much more prolific glassworkers. Fusing was the primary method of making small glass objects for approximately 2,000 years, until the development of the glass blowpipe. Glassblowing largely supplanted fusing due to its greater efficiency and utility. While glass working in general enjoyed a revival during the Renaissance, fusing wasmost renowned inventions like the 30x magnification telescope (or spyglass) or his lovely glass ball thermometer that still artfully graces many homes for its beautiful design and functionality. While glass working in general enjoyed a revival during the Renaissance, fusing was largely ignored during this period. Fusing began to regain popularity in the early part of the 20th century, particularly in the U.S. during the 1960s.

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